How to grow sweet potato vines using sweet potatoes
There are lots of ways how to grow sweet potato vines. One among them is from sweet potatoes. Let’s see how to grow sweet potato vines from sweet potatoes!
Take a fresh and healthy potato. Identify the top and bottom parts of the sweet potato you have taken. Generally, it is found that the pointed end is the bottom end, and the blunt end is the top. Insert three sticks inside the sweet potato.
Place it inside a glass with the pointed end facing the bottom of the glass and the blunt end at the top. Pour water into the glass. Keep it in such a way using the sticks so that one-third of the sweet potato lies inside the water.
You will see lots of stems and branches beginning to grow from the sweet potato from the part submerged in water. Since these leaves and branches growing are very weak, you must tie them to a stake. Place the system in a brightly sunlit place and fertilize monthly.
Now the sweet potato vine will begin to grow. If they grow very long branches, trim them for few inches to let them grow bushier. Then root the tip of the vine in moist soil. Now your sweet potato vine is ready.
How to grow sweet potato vines from tubers
Collect the tubers from fresh grown-up sweet potato vines. Tubers grow beneath the soil. Therefore, before working with those tubers clean the soil particles from the tubers. Then put them with water in a cardboard box. Don’t let the tuber touch the cardboard. Keep the system indoor during winter. Change the water regularly to keep the tubers fresh. They will get sprout at the beginning of the spring and will be ready to be planted outdoors.
How to grow sweet potato vines
When discussing how to grow sweet potato vines, we must talk about plating branches by cutting them from any grown-up healthy plant. Any existing sweet potato vine can be used to grow a new one. Just you need to cut a fresh branch from the existing plant. It is better if you take a plant with many leaf nodes.
After cleaning the leaves from the bottom, dip the branch in the water. Keep the branch in this condition for the whole winter season. Sprouting will be promoted in the spring season. This act of sprouting makes them ready for plantation.
Being tuberous, the sweet potato vines’ tubers can be collected and stored as they can be used to grow in the next season. Firstly, collect the tubers and let them dry. Then keep them in a cool, dry place. Let them be stored like this in the winter season, and plant them in the spring season after sprouting.
Divide the tubes giving each of them at least one eye. This is all we need to know the most while talking about how to grow sweet potato vines.
Planting sweet potato vines
Besides knowing how to grow sweet potato vines, we must know when and where to plant them. The best time to plant sweet potato vines is the spring or early summer when the weather is all time free from frost and the night temperature remains constant above 40 to 45 degrees Fahrenheit.
Plant them in a sunny area where the temperature remains warm and humid. Ensure a well-drained and nourished soil. Sweet potato vines are challenging to grow in dry desert conditions.
How to plant sweet potato vines
When you are supposed to plant sweet potato vines in the garden, remove them gently from the container so that the delicate parts don’t get damaged. Slowly loosen the roots. Plant them into the ground in a warm sunny place, digging holes in the ground of diameter larger than the diameter of the container.
Keep the depth of the hole double the depth of the container. Cover the bottom part of the plant by assembling the soils together. Never forget to water regularly. Place each plant at a gap of about 12 inches. This is the primary stage we must know while discussing how to grow sweet potato vines.
Purposes served by sweet potato vines
Sweet potato vines serve many purposes ranging from decorating containers in the balcony to decorate the wall hangings. They are also used as landscape covers. Their branches propagate so long that they require regular trimming. These trimmed portions can be planted in other places to let them grow.
How to grow sweet potato vines in favourable conditions
LIGHT: The sweet potato vines have significant cravings for sunlight. It gets its actual hue when exposed to bright sunlight. Partly dark or completely dark areas also led to growth of the plants.
SOIL: Sweet potato vines grow in well drained highly nutritious soils. Extremely wet soil is unfavourable. The soil much be rich in organic matter. If you are planting in container, you must use richly manure all-purpose potting soil. This is how you need to grow sweet potato vines in proper environment.
How to grow sweet potato vines with proper care
- FERTILIZER: Sweet potato vines require regular fertilizing and spraying of insecticides as they are prone to many diseases. If you want to apply fertilizer once, use a slow-release-fertilizer once while planting. If you can apply fertilizer monthly, use a water-soluble fertilizer. The more you fertilize more will their branches propagate and would require pruning.
- WATERING: Though they are drought-resistant, still the plants grow more healthy and vibrant if watered regularly as required. You must neither over water, that may lead the plants to rot, nor let the plants dry, which makes the leaves wilt.
- TEMPERATURE: A moderate temperature with medium humidity is ideal for sweet potato vines to grow. They don’t grow well if the temperature is excessively high or low. Prefer planting in shades in sunny hot places.
- Also read: How To Grow Tomatoes- 12 Secret Techniques To Implement Right Now!
Toxicity of sweet potato vines
In discussing how to grow sweet potato vines, the toxicity of the vines must also be talked about. Generally, small animals find the sweet potato vines plants toxic. It’s poisonous for cats and dogs as well. The vines have toxic ingredients which are also found in LSD. The following are the symptoms of sweet potato vines poisoning
- Dilated pupils
- Difficulty swallowing
- Irritation around the mouth
- Increased urination
Also read: Best DIY Gardening Ideas For 2021!
How to grow sweet potato vines protecting them from pests
Small pests called golden tortoise beetles make small holes in the plants’ leaves in a very short amount of time. The pests look like drops of molten gold. A Caterpillar called sweet potato loppers to chew the leaves, and the nutrients of the plant can be sucked away by sweet potato whitefly.
This will decline the plant’s growth. Planting the plants several times in the same place leads to attack by leaf fungi.
The major pests affecting the sweet potato vines’ roots are sweet potato weevil, wireworms, white grubs, and beetle grubs.
The pests that affect the foliage include- pesky flea beetles, cucumber beetles, whiteflies, thrips, and some aphids. It’s not so dangerous if these pests eat away the sweet potato vines’ foliage as these plants’ foliage grows very fast. Letting the pests lay eggs in the soil near the plants would cause damage.
Sweet potato vines can quickly rot their stems, roots, or storage. To prevent this, ensure that the soil is well-drained. Mottle and mosaic virus, as well as leaf spots, are also common.
Try not to use weed killers. The plants can get stunted, and the leaves get yellowish, causing the death of the plant if the herbicides used contain Imidazolinones, Sulfonylureas, and Tryazolopyrimidine sulfonamides.
Different types of sweet potato vines
The sweet potato vines’ plants vary primarily in their shape, color, and leaf shape. The various types of lovely potato vines are-Ipomoea batatas ‘Sweet Carolines’: These are commonly known as ‘Sweet carolines.’ Their leaves are like maple leaves. Red, purple, yellow-green, bronze, light green are the colors in which the sweet carolines appear. They are used as ground cover.
- Ipomoea batatas ‘Margarita’: Their foliage grows in vibrant colors, including bright, light green, or chartreuse when grown under bright sunlight. When grown in a dark place, their color is dark green. The leaf is heart-shaped in structure. They can have a maximum height of 6-9 feet.
- Ipomoea batatas ‘Blackie’: They grow flowers of purple or lavender color. These flowers are trumpet-shaped. The plants have maple-like leaves. Their color mostly approaches black, and they grow very fast.
- Ipomoea batatas ‘Ragtime’: These are of pale purple color. Their leaves are narrow and divided. They can spread their branches up to 3 feet.
- Ipomoea batatas ‘Sweetheart’: These are different from the Sweet Caroline varieties in their leaf shape. Sweetheart verities have heart-shaped leaves which provide a gorgeous appearance. Various colors in which this variety is available are light green and purple.
- Ipomoea batatas ‘Tricolour’: Their name derives from the color of their leaves. These sweet potato vines have leaves of pink, white and green color stripes altogether. They can’t resist cold temperatures and need to be protected at very low-temperature conditions. When decorated in the basket and their branches hang from the basket, they look attractive.
- Ipomoea batatas ‘SolarPower’: Their black version is of purple-black color. The other vibrant found include lime green and rusty bronze. They grow best in sunny areas. The maximum length and width are 1 foot and 3 feet, respectively.
- Ipomoea batatas ‘Solartower’: These are of lime or black color. Their maximum height is about seven feet. The rest of the characters are the same as the SolarPower variety. Their leaves are heart-shaped with colors including rose and brown. Their leaves have some shades of bronze as well. Their maximum spreading width is about 4 feet.
Growing sweet potato vines with best companions
Mainly the root vegetables including parsnips and beets are best companions for sweet potato vines. The various other companions include bush beans, pot beans, regular potatoes. Some aromatic herbs also suit the companions of sweet potato vines.
Ipomea batatas, commonly known as sweet potato vines, are well known for their graceful appearance and provides a splendid look to the garden where they are planted. If you want to perform container gardening, planting a sweet potato vine is the best option.
People mainly plant sweet potatoes to bespangle their gardens. Sweet potato vines are mainly of North American origin. Spring is the ideal season for planting a sweet potato vine as a constant temperature condition below 50 degrees Fahrenheit is the most suitable for planting.
Sweet potato vines have long tendrils that descend from the edges of the container. This gives a flamboyant look to the area where they are planted. They are mostly colorful and possess a wide range of varieties of colors. They are of varying leaf shapes. Some of these varieties are edible, while some are not.
The leaves of edible sweet potatoes are delicious in taste, while those of ornamental sweet potatoes are bitter. Sweet potato vines are an herbaceous perennial type of non-flowering plant that grows up to 8-10 feet long and 5-12 feet wide when they mature.
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