how to grow olives?
Learning how to grow olives might be a tough job for you, but after some years, you’ll get a large amount of healthy and fresh olives from your olive tree. We’ll all hope to have some trees in our garden that can produce fruits and veggies for us. And having your olive tree, which gives you the juiciest olives, is marvelous.
With just growing a small plant, you can get olives for thousands of years. Every one of us has heard that Olives are the most nutritious fruits in the world. These small-sized fruits contain a lot of essential nutrients which are very much demanded by our body. It contains a variety of healthy acids, vitamins, metals, calcium, and much more.
Now, when you all are familiar with olives’ benefits, rush towards your garden and quickly plant an olive tree. That’s why we are here to tell all of you how you can plant, grow and care for your olive trees.
Let’s check out how to grow olives.
how to grow olives using seed or pit?
1. Getting fresh seeds of olive.
For learning how to grow olives, you must have a freshly taken-out seed. If you are thinking of growing an olive tree from a stored and preserved olive seed available in the market, you are wrong. To get a fresh olive seed, take 4-5 fresh olives, remove their pulp and use that pulp.
After removing the pulp, you’ll find an olive seed. Yeah, that’s it now you have your olive seeds. But note that the olives you are using should be fresh, healthy, and insects free. If the olive is not like the qualities we have mentioned, your tree won’t grow up.
2. Let’s soak them.
After getting some fresh olive seeds, your second task in learning how to grow olives is to soak them in water to make them soft and easy to germinate. Take a cup/bowl/jar and fill it with water, now. Put those seeds in that cup of water and let them soak for 24 hours. After that, take out the seeds lying down in the bottom of the cup [those are the healthiest seeds].
The seeds floating on the top of the water are just useless. Throw them. Now when your seeds are soaked, let’s open them. In our opinion, opening or breaking the seed’s cover to get the real olive seed is a bad idea. But some people say that removing the cover of the seed helps it to germinate faster.
However, in some cases removing the cover helps, but it’s just about testing your luck. While removing the shell, sometimes, we damage the seeds, which is wrong. So, don’t do this. Just use the seed with its cover, it will take some more time to germinate, but it’s better than those seeds without cover.
3. Soil mixture.
For olives, you can use a soil mixture made up of 50% soil and 50% cow dung compost. Compost will help the seed to germinate fast as it will provide a warm temperature to the soil. Your soil should have a well-draining system. If you don’t have cow dung compost, you can also use homemade natural manure/compost. But it won’t provide a lot of warm temperatures.
4. Sowing the seeds.
Now when everything is set for how to grow olives, why are you waiting? Let’s go and sow the seeds- this is the prominent step in how to grow olives. Fill 6 inches or 15-16 cm pot with our soil mixture, and don’t overfill it. Leave 1 inch of space in the pot so that the soil won’t fall when you pour water in it.
Next, create 4 to 5 holes with a minimum depth of 1 inch. Place the seeds in those holes and lay a layer of soil upon them. After sowing the seeds, slowly sprinkle the water and make sure that the seeds won’t start floating in it. Pour water over the seeds until the excess water begins to emerge from the drainage holes.
5. Maintain the moisture.
After watering, cover that pot with plastic wrap, polythene, or any plastic cover. You can also put that pot in a closed airtight container instead of wrapping it with plastic. The soil will be moist every time, which is a plus point in the germination process. Now put the container or the wrapped pot in a partially shaded area.
The pot should get sunlight, so put it where the sunlight came for only 1 to 2 hours. And whenever you feel that the soil needs water, remove the cover water and cover it again. Until the sprouted seeds become plants and grow 2 to 3 inches tall, do not keep them without the wrap.
6. The germination day.
Olive seeds are hard and covered with a shell. That’s why they take a little longer to germinate. Learning how to grow olives, remember that if you sow 4-5 seeds, very few of them germinate. So always try to sow some extra seeds so that at least you’ll get 1 or 2 plants of olives.
If the seeds are healthy, they’ll germinate earlier, but sometimes they might take more than 80 days to germinate. Olive seeds take 40 to 100 days to germinate. Therefore, have some patience if you want an olive plant.
7. Repotting the plant.
When your plant becomes tall, about 8 to 10 inches, don’t repot them. It’s the moment your plant settles down. So, if you repot it at this period, you’ll lose your plant. After they become healthy, bushy, and strong, carefully repot them without damaging the roots. And now, finally, your olive plant is grown with its seed.
Growing an olive plant with its cutting.
Some of you might not get an olive seed, that’s why we’ll tell you about one more method of how to grow olives. Yes, now you can grow olive from its cutting also. All you need is just a few cuttings of an olive tree.
1. Getting olive cutting.
To get an olive cutting, you have to do a few simple steps. First, find a healthy olive tree. With a cutter or knife, cut some pieces of stems at least 4-5 inches long and ½ inch wide. Don’t use skinny stems. Try to get a little bit of a thin stem. After cutting a few stems, remove their leaves. Try to remove all the leaves.
And you’ll get a clean long stem. Now scratch the stem from its bottom until the green-colored stem comes out. Don’t scratch too much. Remove the brown top layer of the wood only from the bottom part. Scratch at least 1 inch of the stem. After scratching, cut the stem from its bottom to make the bottom pointed. Cut something like V. In the end, put the stem in a cup of water until the roots came out. Change the water regularly to avoid any fungal infection.
And mix some rooting Hormone in the water, or you can use honey also. Honey also helps in rooting.
2. Potting mix.
You can use the same soil we have mentioned above for seeds for how to grow olives. Now, whenever your stem starts rooting, please place it in the soil. In a pot, pour the soil mixture, make a hole for your stem and place the stem in it. Now you can place it in the soil, put the stem 1-2 inches deep in the soil. After placing the stems, water them until the water starts draining.
When the water starts draining from the pot, cover the pot with plastic wrap and tie it properly to maintain the moisture. Next, place the pot in a partially shaded zone. Whenever you feel the soil needs water, open the plastic wrap, water it, and cover it again. After 3-4 weeks, new leaves will start coming out from the stem, and that’s when you can remove the plastic wrap and place it under direct sunlight [but make sure that the leaves are not burning under the sunlight].
Don’t replace it. Just remove the wrap and let it stay in that pot for one month under direct sunlight. And when you notice that the plant is doing well, then you can repot or replace it.
Care tips for olive trees.
- Olive trees love hot summers and long winters. They want 30 to 35 degrees temperature in summers and temperature below 10 degrees in winters.
- These trees are drought defenders but don’t let the soil dry too much in summers. Make the soil moist every time. Water them two times a week. And make sure the water goes off because they don’t like heavily saturated soils.
- Timely prune your plant. This will help you in making the plant bushier. A bushy plant produces a good amount of fruit.
- Add fertilizer or manure once a month. Adding fertilizer can burn the roots of your olive tree.
Now, after reading the entire article, you know how to grow olives. If you do not get any good results in your first trial, try it again, and very soon, you’ll also get your olive plant/tree. In this article, we have mentioned every step that will help you grow and care for your olive tree. For any query, comment down below. We’ll soon answer you all.
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